Organic waste is generated in every household. There has even been an obligation to sort organic waste since January 2015, so that every household is forced to collect organic waste separately. The house owners must place an organic garbage can on their property, which should ideally be used by all tenants. The European Union produces between 118 and 130 million tonnes of bio waste every year. According to Wikipedia, this should increase by 10% in the next few years.
However, people in Germany often find it very uncomfortable when the organic garbage begins to smell and even life in the form of white maggots develops in it, although the origin of life is of course the basic idea of organic garbage. It has been shown that around 48% of the actual organic waste in Germany is nevertheless disposed of as residual waste and thus incinerated.
Organic waste is organic or animal waste that can be recycled in this way. Biogas and compost are extracted from the organic waste. This varies depending on the city or municipality. The organic waste is broken down by microorganisms, living organisms or enzymes. The organic waste is treated by composting or fermentation.
The Biowaste Ordinance
In the Bioabfallverordnung it regulates exactly how companies, cities and municipalities should deal with organic waste. However, the focus of the regulation relates to horticulture and the agricultural disposal of organic waste.
What is allowed in organic waste?
Many people ask themselves what is allowed in organic waste. There is often a lack of clarity about this, since the information regarding waste disposal does not function properly and, in my opinion, is not operated enough.
A quarter of household waste consists of organic organic waste that is compostable.
Moist organic waste and meat waste should be wrapped in newspaper. Newsprint is available when you collect the free newspapers that are distributed in the mailboxes and on the doorstep in cities and towns, or when you subscribe to a daily newspaper.
Compost can replace peat in many cases and thus protects the peatlands that are threatened by peat extraction.
The following kitchen waste is allowed in the organic bin:
- Salad and vegetable waste (potato peel, onion peel)
- Fruit, fruit waste
- Kernels and nutshells
- Peel of tropical fruits (also lemon, orange and banana peel)
- spoiled food (wrapping in newspaper)
- Leftovers (raw, cooked, spoiled; wrapping in newspaper)
- Fish, meat, bones (wrapped in newspaper)
- Coffee filters, tea bags
- Bread and pastry leftovers
- Cheese leftovers (natural bark)
The following garden waste is allowed in the organic bin:
- Potted and cut flowers
- Lawn and grass clippings (dried)
- Hedge trimming
- Roots, wild herbs, seeds
- Foliages, needles, moss, falling fruit
- Plants, parts of plants, diseased plants
- Branches, barks
Other that you can dispose of in the organic bin:
- Paper towels, handkerchiefs, napkins
- Kitchen paper, kitchen paper
- Potting soil
- Newsprint to wrap
- Wood chips and sawdust from untreated wood
- Small animal litter
- Straw and hay
- Hair, feathers
Nature in its original form completely recycles all organic and animal substances. Therefore, all people should help to use this natural disposal.
Smell and putrefaction
Since the decomposition of organic waste can lead to rotting, i.e. the odorless decomposition of substances, and due to lack of oxygen in organic waste and in the bio-ton, you should note the following points:
You can avoid smells though
- the bio-ton is not in the sun
- moist or wet organic waste can be wrapped in newsprint or paper bags. This also ensures that the organic bin remains cleaner.
- Let the grass clippings wither, otherwise rotting can occur
- You add rock flour, clay, fertilizer or algae lime that also binds the smell
- Sprinkle the compost with chopped material, compost or soil, this also promotes ventilation
- You keep the organic bin closed and make sure that you do not throw any organic waste next to the bin
- You regularly clean the organic bin and always line its bottom with newspaper
Prevent the annoying maggot infestation
If you put mostly wet and damp kitchen and garden waste in the organic bin or in your organic waste bin, this can start to rot. Especially at high temperatures in summer, flies are attracted to lay eggs, which cause maggot infestation of the organic waste.
What can you do about it?
You should always put enough structural material such as branches, twigs, flowers, shrubs, absorbent paper and cardboard waste, for example egg boxes, paper napkins, paper towels, paper bags such as bakery bags (only without foils please) in the organic waste. These materials absorb the moisture and bind odors.
You should always wrap moist and wet organic waste in newsprint, then no maggots will form.
Criticism organic waste bags
With the introduction of the obligation to collect organic waste, a large market for organic waste bags was created. They are said to be completely biodegradable and therefore fully recyclable. This is unfortunately not the case. Most of the organic waste bags available on the market are not recyclable and will only rot after many years.
The waste disposal companies in the cities and municipalities are unfortunately forced to sort out the trash bags in the organic waste by hand, despite their alleged recyclability. This results in high costs, which of course the citizens share in their garbage fees.
Please do not use bio-plastic bags for your bio-waste, which you can buy in drugstores etc. They damage the environment and create high costs for waste disposal.
Beautiful organic waste bins for your kitchen
There are a number of optically very beautiful organic waste bins on the market that have an activated carbon filter integrated that also absorbs odors. However, you should empty the organic waste several times a week, ideally daily, so that your kitchen remains really odorless. If you stick to the tips above, there is nothing standing in the way of the organic waste collection in your apartment. I got the tips from the waste disposal company in Frankfurt am Main and from the environmental telephone in Frankfurt am Main, so you can be sure that you are doing everything right with these measures.
By collecting organic waste, you make a very good contribution to the environment, you help protect the bogs, you actively contribute to the recycling system and you ensure that significantly less waste has to be burned in the waste incineration plants.
With the right measures, you can keep your organic waste and your organic bin free of putrefaction, maggots and smell. This is of interest to both the residents and the landlords.