How to properly dispose of organic waste and avoid maggots



Organic waste is generated in every household. There has even been an obligation to sort organic waste since January 2015, so that every household is forced to collect organic waste separately. The house owners must place an organic garbage can on their property, which should ideally be used by all tenants. The European Union produces between 118 and 130 million tonnes of bio waste every year. According to Wikipedia, this should increase by 10% in the next few years.

However, people in Germany often find it very uncomfortable when the organic garbage begins to smell and even life in the form of white maggots develops in it, although the origin of life is of course the basic idea of organic garbage. It has been shown that around 48% of the actual organic waste in Germany is nevertheless disposed of as residual waste and thus incinerated.

Organic waste is organic or animal waste that can be recycled in this way. Biogas and compost are extracted from the organic waste. This varies depending on the city or municipality. The organic waste is broken down by microorganisms, living organisms or enzymes. The organic waste is treated by composting or fermentation.

The Biowaste Ordinance

In the Bioabfallverordnung it regulates exactly how companies, cities and municipalities should deal with organic waste. However, the focus of the regulation relates to horticulture and the agricultural disposal of organic waste.

What is allowed in organic waste?

Many people ask themselves what is allowed in organic waste. There is often a lack of clarity about this, since the information regarding waste disposal does not function properly and, in my opinion, is not operated enough.

A quarter of household waste consists of organic organic waste that is compostable.

Moist organic waste and meat waste should be wrapped in newspaper. Newsprint is available when you collect the free newspapers that are distributed in the mailboxes and on the doorstep in cities and towns, or when you subscribe to a daily newspaper.

Compost can replace peat in many cases and thus protects the peatlands that are threatened by peat extraction.


The following kitchen waste is allowed in the organic bin:

  • Salad and vegetable waste (potato peel, onion peel)
  • Fruit, fruit waste
  • Kernels and nutshells
  • Peel of tropical fruits (also lemon, orange and banana peel)
  • spoiled food (wrapping in newspaper)
  • Leftovers (raw, cooked, spoiled; wrapping in newspaper)
  • Fish, meat, bones (wrapped in newspaper)
  • Coffee filters, tea bags
  • Bread and pastry leftovers
  • Cheese leftovers (natural bark)

The following garden waste is allowed in the organic bin:

  • Potted and cut flowers
  • Lawn and grass clippings (dried)
  • Hedge trimming
  • Roots, wild herbs, seeds
  • Foliages, needles, moss, falling fruit
  • Plants, parts of plants, diseased plants
  • Branches, barks

Other that you can dispose of in the organic bin:

  • Paper towels, handkerchiefs, napkins
  • Kitchen paper, kitchen paper
  • Potting soil
  • Newsprint to wrap
  • Wood chips and sawdust from untreated wood
  • Small animal litter
  • Straw and hay
  • Hair, feathers

Nature in its original form completely recycles all organic and animal substances. Therefore, all people should help to use this natural disposal.

Smell and putrefaction

Since the decomposition of organic waste can lead to rotting, i.e. the odorless decomposition of substances, and due to lack of oxygen in organic waste and in the bio-ton, you should note the following points:

You can avoid smells though

  • the bio-ton is not in the sun
  • moist or wet organic waste can be wrapped in newsprint or paper bags. This also ensures that the organic bin remains cleaner.
  • Let the grass clippings wither, otherwise rotting can occur
  • You add rock flour, clay, fertilizer or algae lime that also binds the smell
  • Sprinkle the compost with chopped material, compost or soil, this also promotes ventilation
  • You keep the organic bin closed and make sure that you do not throw any organic waste next to the bin
  • You regularly clean the organic bin and always line its bottom with newspaper


Prevent the annoying maggot infestation

If you put mostly wet and damp kitchen and garden waste in the organic bin or in your organic waste bin, this can start to rot. Especially at high temperatures in summer, flies are attracted to lay eggs, which cause maggot infestation of the organic waste.

What can you do about it? 

You should always put enough structural material such as branches, twigs, flowers, shrubs, absorbent paper and cardboard waste, for example egg boxes, paper napkins, paper towels, paper bags such as bakery bags (only without foils please) in the organic waste. These materials absorb the moisture and bind odors.

You should always wrap moist and wet organic waste in newsprint, then no maggots will form.


Criticism organic waste bags

With the introduction of the obligation to collect organic waste, a large market for organic waste bags was created. They are said to be completely biodegradable and therefore fully recyclable. This is unfortunately not the case. Most of the organic waste bags available on the market are not recyclable and will only rot after many years.

The waste disposal companies in the cities and municipalities are unfortunately forced to sort out the trash bags in the organic waste by hand, despite their alleged recyclability. This results in high costs, which of course the citizens share in their garbage fees.

Please do not use bio-plastic bags for your bio-waste, which you can buy in drugstores etc. They damage the environment and create high costs for waste disposal.


Beautiful organic waste bins for your kitchen

There are a number of optically very beautiful organic waste bins on the market that have an activated carbon filter integrated that also absorbs odors. However, you should empty the organic waste several times a week, ideally daily, so that your kitchen remains really odorless. If you stick to the tips above, there is nothing standing in the way of the organic waste collection in your apartment. I got the tips from the waste disposal company in Frankfurt am Main and from the environmental telephone in Frankfurt am Main, so you can be sure that you are doing everything right with these measures.



By collecting organic waste, you make a very good contribution to the environment, you help protect the bogs, you actively contribute to the recycling system and you ensure that significantly less waste has to be burned in the waste incineration plants.

With the right measures, you can keep your organic waste and your organic bin free of putrefaction, maggots and smell. This is of interest to both the residents and the landlords.

Lose weight tasty, sustainable and healthy



Most people want to look good and look attractive. These characteristics are particularly important to women. In Germany, however, about 60% of all people are overweight. The reasons are the rich food supply in Germany, the prosperity of people and wrong eating habits, which also cause numerous diseases such as diabetes mellitus and high cholesterol as well as obesity. Even children are often overweight in infancy. They are comforted with chocolate and other sweets, rewarded or given them on holidays. Hardly anyone is aware that this is already laying a lifelong basis for obesity. In addition, children have bad teeth and dentists warn of periodontitis and tooth decay. I too was rewarded with chocolate and received it on certain festive days, so that I often had to go to the dentist as a child, which scared me a lot.

All people should be on a balanced and healthy diet with little sugar, fat (except omega-3 fats) and salt in moderation.

When are you overweight?

In general, a BMI of over 25 is slightly overweight. This is divided into different levels up to the most severe degree of obesity with a BMI over 40. Nevertheless, you should take into account that people over 40 are usually still of normal weight even with a higher BMI. If, for example, you have a BMI of 25.9 at 44, this is completely unproblematic, since the weight increases with increasing age and is still within the normal range. You can do this with the BMI-Rechner der Techniker-Krankenkasse determine. There has been a certain amount of hype about the weight, so that many people who would not need it want to lose weight.

Of course, if you have a BMI from 28 upwards, you can assume that you are overweight. No matter what age you are. Then you should definitely consider reducing your weight.

How can I reduce my weight sustainably and healthily?

Generell: Lassen Sie die Finger von Diäten! Es hilft nur eine konsequente Ernährungsumstellung wie ich Sie in meinem Udemy-Video-Kurs “Schmackhaft, nachhaltig und gesund abnehmen” detailliert beschreibe. Sie lernen in diesem Kurs, welche Nahrungsmittel für eine Gewichtsreduktion geeignet sind, welche Lebensmittel weniger geeignet sind, wie Sie Hungerattacken sinnvoll begegnen können, welche Auswirkungen psychische Faktoren wie Stress und Einsamkeit haben und wie Sie all dies in Ihrem Leben zum Positiven wenden können. Außerdem wendet sich der Kurs nicht nur an Sportbegeisterte, sondern auch an Sportmuffel, die mit einem Mindestmaß an Bewegung leben möchten oder müssen. In dem Kurs gebe ich genaue Anleitungen wie selbst ein Sportmuffel Gewicht reduzieren kann ohne Sport treiben zu müssen.


Power vegetable corn salad - worth knowing and preservation




In this article you will learn interesting and interesting facts about lamb's lettuce. Above all, you will learn how to make it last. Corn salad looks wilted after a short time and you can only dispose of it. Learn about this topic in this article.


What is this salad seen botanically?

The common corn salad, as it is called, bears the Latin name Valerianella locusta. It is called Vogerlsalat in Austria, Nussli lettuce in Switzerland and also field lettuce, mouse ear lettuce, nutlets, Nussler, Schäpäulchen, Sonnewirbele and Rapunzel. Botanically speaking, it belongs to the Valerian family.

It is an annual, herbaceous plant that is five to 15 cm high. The leaves are 5 to 30 mm long. The seeds of lamb's lettuce germinate in autumn. The inhibitors are broken down in summer. Beetles, bees and butterflies pollinate the salad. In the first place, however, it pollinates itself.

In which countries does it occur?

Common lamb's lettuce is found mainly in Europe, Macaronesia, North Africa and West Asia. It is therefore very widespread and popular in the world because it is found on three continents.

This type of salad is also very popular in Germany. You can find it on all weekly markets, in all supermarkets and discounters.

The lamb's lettuce is in season from October to March and out of season you should use other seasonal salads. In the months when it is in season, you will find it abundantly in the offer of all fruit and vegetable dealers.


What nutrients does lamb's lettuce contain?

The lamb's lettuce - like all other leafy lettuces - is considered to be very nutritious and healthy. It promotes digestion and well-being. This salad has only 17 kcal and can be used for weight loss when I change my diet. It contains 1.5 g of fiber, which is good for digestion and at the same time binds toxins in the intestine.

The nutritional information relates to 100 g of lamb's lettuce. It contains 35 mg of vitamin C, as well as important minerals such as zinc and copper. Vitamin C strengthens the immune system and protects against viral diseases such as colds and flu. It also contains 35.00 µg iodide, which is important for healthy thyroid function. Corn salad is very healthy and should not be missing on any menu during the season. Here you can see a detailed ingredient analysis as I took it from my nutritional software, which I use in nutritional advice:

Ingredients Quantity Unit
Kilocalories 17
Kilojoule 71
Protein 2.00 g
Fat 0.01 g
Carbohydrates 1.00 g
Total fiber 1.50 g
Cholesterol 0.00 mg
Uric acid 35.00 mg
polyunsaturated fatty acids 0.20 g
monounsaturated fatty acids 0.00 g
Saturated fatty acids 0.10 g
Cooking salt 0.01 g
Sodium 4.00 mg
Potassium 420.00 mg
Calcium 35.00 mg
Phosphorus 50.00 mg
Magnesium 10.00 mg
Iron 2.00 mg
β-carotene 3900.00 µg
Vitamin E active. 0.60 mg
Vitamin B1 0.07 mg
Vitamin B2 0.08 mg
Niacin equivalent 400.00 µg
Vitamin B6 0,25 mg
Vitamin C 35,00 mg
Folate (total folic acid) 145.00 µg
Zinc 0.50 mg
Copper 100.00 µg
Fluoride 100.00 µg
Iodide 35.00 µg
Water 90.00 g
Phenylalanine 100.00 mg
Total sugar 1.00 g
Kilocalories without volume 14.00
Kilojoules or Bst. 57.00


Recipe suggestions

The preparation of a lamb's lettuce dressing and the other ingredients can be different. Very popular in connection with this salad is a yogurt dressing consisting of 2 teaspoons of high quality vegetable oil (hemp oil, linseed oil, olive oil, rapeseed oil etc.), 1 teaspoon of balsamic vinegar (alternatively 3 teaspoons of organic lemon juice if balsamic vinegar cannot tolerate it) ) 3 tablespoons of yogurt and 3 tablespoons of water. Then cut fresh herbs as desired and add them to the lamb's lettuce. Finally, season the salad with salt, pepper and paprika powder.

It also tastes delicious with onions and with olives pickled in garlic. Black olives in particular have a very positive impact on health. However, only buy black olives from the weekly market at a dealer, since the others were unfortunately blackened out and were originally green olives. So avoid the black olives from supermarkets and discounters.

Alternatively, you can serve the lamb's lettuce with fresh pieces of orange with and without yoghurt. If you don't use yogurt, you can choose a vinegar-oil dressing. You can find more recipes on

Can I grow this variety of lettuce myself?

Yes, you can grow corn salad in your garden yourself. Information on how to do this can be found on the Internet. Cultivation in a raised bed is ideal. So that you also save yourself the annoying stooping when gardening (keyword: senior garden). However, he needs special care that must be carried out carefully. The greater the joy when you can finally harvest the salad.

Unfortunately, it is not suitable for an attachment in the apartment or on the windowsill. A small garden plot is necessary. In the meantime there is urban gardening in various cities, in which you can participate and grow your fruit and vegetables, even if you do not have your own garden. However, please make sure that the urban gardening is not located on a busy street because of the many pollutants, because then the fruits and vegetables absorb these many pollutants and you finally eat the pollutants and absorb them in your body.


Sprühflasche zum Besprühen von Feldsalat - Ernährungsberatung Ledermann

Corn salad quickly wilts
- How can I make it last?

Yes, this is a nuisance to many people who like to eat it. But what can you do to make it last? In the photo above you can see the solution: a spray bottle with water.

Sprühen Sie täglich den Salat mit Wasser ein. Dabei sollte die Sprühflasche auf “Zerstäuben” eingestellt sein. Ideal ist es, wenn es sich um eine lebensmittelechte Sprühflasche handelt, vielleicht nicht gerade so eine, wie die abgebildete, da dort Schadstoffe enthalten sein können. Vielleicht finden Sie eine Sprühflasche aus Glas. Sie können solche gläsernen Sprühflaschen in der Apotheke kaufen. Die Glasfarbe ist dann zumeist dunkelbraun.

Make sure that this spray bottle really only contains water and no substances such as flower fertilizer. Organize a separate spray bottle for your food.

My lamb's lettuce lasts about three to days. Since I eat it alone and the packs are intended for three to four people, I also had to worry about the shelf life.


Feldsalat wird im Kühlschrank gelagert - Ernährungsberatung Ledermann

When you have sprayed your lamb's lettuce, put it open in the fridge. The temperature in the refrigerator is usually around 7 ° C. However, this salad loves it even cooler at around 1-2 ° C.

It is also important that you always remove the lid from the plastic packaging after shopping. Otherwise he can quickly rot in the package.


When I eat lamb's lettuce, my teeth grind
- What am I doing wrong?

In this case, you wash the salad incorrectly.

How to prepare unwashed corn salad for washing:

If there is still a lot of soil, you should rinse thoroughly several times in a sieve. You are not done with that, however.

How to clean the salad (washed and unwashed):

Put the lettuce and about 10 cm of lukewarm water in the clean sink or in a very large bowl (about 40-45 cm in diameter). Now carefully move the lettuce in the water with your hands with back and forth movements. After about a minute, change the water and repeat the process.

You will see that the sand collects at the bottom of the sink or large bowl. This is exactly the sand that would otherwise have gritted your teeth. If you want to be on the safe side, or if it's completely unwashed lamb's lettuce, you can repeat this process a third time.

Good Appetite!

My recommendations:

Der beste Slow-Juicer, den ich kenne

Ein Hochleistungsmixer mit voller Power

Ein praktischer Handmixer, mit dem die Küchenarbeit Freude macht

About the author:

Martina Ledermann - coached übergewichtige Frauen - Ernährungsberaterin nach staatlich zugelassener Ausbildung

My name is Martina Ledermann and I am a nutritionist after receiving state-approved training at the OTL Academy in Berlin. I am interested in healthy, tasty nutrition and like to pass this knowledge on to other people. I also work as a illustrator, translator CZ-DE, EN-DE and author. I've written several books on healthy eating and losing weight that you can get on Amazon.